Counter Flow Cooling Towers:
- The air flow is directly opposite to the water flow in counterflow.
- Gravity distributes the water through the nozzles uniformly across the fill material.
- Advantages of the counterflow design is Spray water distribution makes the tower more freeze-resistant.
- Disadvantages of the counterflow design is basically higher initial and long-term cost, and Difficult to use variable water flow, as spray characteristics may be negatively affected.